"Resistance and Injury in Non-Fatal Assaultive Violence,"Victimology, 8 (No. 3-4,
1984), 215-226.
This article employs National Crime Survey data on stranger assaults to examine the role of
victim resistance in warding off attack and reducing the risk of injury. The tactics which victims
adopt in the fact of potential violence may themselves by violent or nonviolent. The survey
data suggest that nonviolent resistance may be effective in warding off attack and preventing
injury, but that violent resistance seems to exacerbate both of those outcomes.
"Resistance and Nonfatal Outcomes in Stranger-to-Stranger Predatory Crime,"
Violence and Victims, 1 (No. 4, 1987), 241-254.
This article examines the consequences of encounters between strangers that might have
resulted in robbery or rape and explores how the eventual outcomes of those incidents were
related to the resistance offered by their potential victims. It is based on data from the National
Crime Survey. Although the conclusions necessarily are tentative, it appears that forceful
resistance was related to less frequent success by robbers, but robbery victims resisting
forcefully had a greater risk of being physically attacked. Forceful resistance in potential rape
incidents was related to higher risk of attack and bodily injury with no apparent reduction in
risk of rape. On the other hand, victims who were able to offer non-forceful resistance
reported a reduced risk of being robbed and suffered less frequent attack and injury. In rape
incidents, non-forceful resistance was linked to lower risk of actual rape but was unrelated to
risk of attack or other forms of injury.
Victim Research Abstracts