"Weapon Use in Robbery," in James Inciardi and Ann Pottieger (eds.) Violent Crime.
Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1978, Chapter 5, 61-73.
The use of weapons is an important analytic focus upon crime, both for criminologists
interested in the pattern and practice of weapon use and for policy makers concerned with
reducing the frequency with which lethal weapons are deployed and employed. They are
interested in the extent to which weapons are criminogenic (their availability causes or
increases crime) and criminotropic (their availability changes or redirects criminal activity).
Answers to these questions would point to some probable effects of reducing the use of certain
weapons, either by constricting the supply available for potential offenders or by raising the
cost of employing them. This paper investigates these questions, reviewing data on the use of
weapons in both personal and commercial robberies in the United States. The extent to which
the availability of weapons is criminotropic–affects the strategies employed by criminals–is
Victim Research Abstracts